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scott1928 Level 36 / Minister
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Seven key points from the social model of dementia have significant implications for patients, carers and society’s perception:

Dementia is not the fault of the individual;

The focus is on the skills and capacities the person retains rather than loses;

People with dementia can be fully understood (history, likes and dislikes);

The influence of an enabling or supportive environment is recognised;

The key value of appropriate communication is endorsed;

Opportunities should be taken for rehabilitation or re-enablement;

The responsibility to reach out to people with dementia lies with people who do not (yet) have dementia (Gilliard et al, 2005).
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Sparky5458 Level 63 / Retired Golfer
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Dementiadem.sagepub.com

1.
doi: 10.1177/1471301205058312 Dementia November 2005 vol. 4 no. 4 571-586

Dementia care in England and the social model of disability
Lessons and issues

1. Jane Gilliard1,
2. Robin Means2,
3. Angela Beattie and
4. Gavin Daker-White3

+ Author Affiliations

1.
1Dementia Voice, UK
2.
2University of the West of England, UK
3.
3University of Bristol, UK

Abstract

This article reviews the development of a social model of disability and considers whether or not it provides a helpful framework for dementia care. The social model has not yet fully included cognitive impairment, although considerable work has been carried out with regard to learning disability. By applying this model to dementia care, those who surround people with dementia can review the impact that they as 'non-demented' people have on others; can reconsider the value of hearing and responding to personal experiences; can reframe the focus to consider abilities instead of losses; and can better understand the impact of public policy. The article also considers the present shortcomings of a disability model in terms of how it relates to dementia care and concludes with some thoughts for future consideration. The article draws heavily on the findings of a research project conducted by Dementia Voice and the University of the West of England, Bristol, UK to consider the needs of two sub-groups of people with dementia – younger people (i.e. those under the age of 65) and those from minority ethnic groups.
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